Samsung Electronics flags record $14.7 bn Q1 operating profit

Samsung Electronics flags record $14.7 bn Q1 operating profit

People as old as 79 may still generate new brain cells, US researchers said Thursday, stoking fresh debate among scientists over whether or when our mental capacity ever stops growing.

The report by scientists at Columbia University in New York, published in the journal Cell Stem Cell, runs directly counter to a different study published in Nature last month which found no evidence of new neurons are being created past the age of 13.

While neither study is seen as providing the definitive last word, the research is being closely watched as the world's population ages and scientists seek to better understand how the brain ages for clues to ward off dementia.

The focal point of the research is the hippocampus, the brain's center for learning and memory.

Specifically, researchers are looking for the foundations of new brain cells, including progenitor cells, or stem cells that would eventually become neurons.

Using autopsied brain samples from 28 people who died suddenly between the ages of 14-79, researchers looked at "newly formed neurons and the state of blood vessels within the entire human hippocampus soon after death," said the Cell Stem Cell study.

Samsung Electronics flagged Friday a first-quarter operating profit of 15.6 trillion won ($14.7 billion), a record for any three-month period, as it benefited from soaring demand for its memory chips for mobile devices.

Sales for January to March are expected to reach 60 trillion won, the world's largest maker of smartphones and memory chips said in an earnings forecast.

The profit forecast from Samsung Electronics -- the flagship subsidiary of the giant Samsung Group -- widely surpassed the market consensus for about 14.6 trillion won.

This marks the fourth straight quarter in which the South Korean tech firm has beaten its record operating profit.

First-quarter operating profit was up nearly 60 percent from the same period a year ago, while sales jumped by 19 percent.

The South Korean company has seen profits soar over the past year thanks to solid demand for memory chips for mobile devices, which has helped offset shrinking profits from its own mobile production.

The mobile unit suffered a serious blow after the disastrous worldwide recall of its Galaxy Note 7 device over exploding batteries two years ago, which cost the firm billions of dollars.

But the firm rolled out its latest flagship mobile phone, the Galaxy S9, in the first quarter to largely favourable reviews -- potentially contributing to the better-than-expected profits.

Samsung withholds net profit and sector-by-sector business performance until it releases its final earnings report, which is expected later this month.

"The earnings estimate is quite a surprise," said Kim Sun-woo, analyst at Seoul-based Meritz Securities.

"There is no disagreement on how well Samsung's chip business is doing, but Samsung's mobile business must be doing better than we had expected," he said.

Profits from the mobile unit, which once contributed more than 70 percent of Samsung's overall profits in its 2012-2014 heyday, accounted for less than 20 percent of total profit in the fourth quarter last year.

The firm's semiconductor business filled the void -- thanks to soaring global prices for NAND memory chips used in mobile gadgets and DRAM chips used in servers.

Samsung's chipmaking unit -- currently dominating the global market after the firm invested tens of billions of dollars each year to build and expand factories -- provides chips for Samsung devices as well as those of competitors including Apple.

The latest positive result comes just months after Samsung's reputation was dealt a blow by the bribery conviction of heir Lee Jae-yong, the son of current group boss Lee Kun-hee.

Lee Jae-yong was a key figure in the scandal that ousted former South Korean leader Park Geun-hye last year after massive, nationwide protests.

Lee Jae-yong had been sentenced to five years in jail last year. But the sentencing was reduced in February to a suspended jail term on appeal, which saw the 49-year-old scion released after spending nearly a year in jail.

Source: AFP

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